New Education System – National Education Policy Overview
After more than 3 decades of the old fashioned Education System, Union Cabinet is here with New Education System in India. The National Educational Policy was approved by the Union Cabinet today.
Highlights from PIB –
Assessment reforms with 360 degree Holistic Progress Card, tracking Student Progress for achieving Learning Outcomes
GER in higher education to be raised to 50 % by 2035 ; 3.5 crore seats to be added in higher education
Higher Education curriculum to have Flexibility of Subjects
Multiple Entry / Exit to be allowed with appropriate certification
Academic Bank of Credits to be established to facilitate Transfer of Credits
National Research Foundation to be established to foster a strong research culture
Light but Tight Regulation of Higher Education, single regulator with four separate verticals for different functions
Affiliation System to be phased out in 15 years with graded autonomy to colleges
NEP 2020 advocates increased use of technology with equity; National Educational Technology Forum to be created
NEP 2020 emphasizes setting up of Gender Inclusion Fund, Special Education Zones for disadvantaged regions and groups
New Policy promotes Multilingualism in both schools and HEs; National Institute for Pali, Persian and Prakrit , Indian Institute of Translation and Interpretation to be set up
The 10+2 structure of school curricula is to be replaced by a 5+3+3+4 curricular structure corresponding to ages 3-8, 8-11, 11-14, and 14-18 years respectively.
NCERT will develop a National Curricular and Pedagogical Framework for Early Childhood Care and Education (NCPFECCE) for children up to the age of 8 .
Now, your school cannot decide that if you are an Arts student then you only study History or Geography and not Mathematics. You can decide to take Physics and Biology along with English and Sanskrit as your subjects in your school education.
Students will be given the option to choose whatever subject combinations they like. Schools will have to adjust individual student subject lists accordingly. There won’t be any divisions like Arts or Science.
Sixth grade onwards, each student will be required to take part in vocational education.
Board examinations will continue to be conducted at the end of Class X and Class XII by the different educational institutions.
Will this year’s students witness any change?
It’s unlikely. The new policy has just been approved and it will take time to perforate through the Educational Institutions and mediums.
Will board exams be conducted or not?
Yes, they will happen with the same syllabus until any other update comes
Will the NCERT be changed this year?
It takes time to change a book. It will probably not happen this time!
To read the press release by PIB, Click Here