NCERT Solutions Class 10 for Social Science Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development

NCERT Solutions Class 10 for Social Science Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development : In this post, we will share with you all the detailed NCERT Solutions of Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 Resources and Development. This will contain both in-text and back-exercise questions for Science and Social Science, and all exercise questions for Mathematics. For all school and board level examinations, doing all the NCERT Questions is a must.

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Hence, it’s very important to understand NCERT Questions and Answers.

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Class 10 Social Science Geography Chapter 1 – Resources and Development


Exercise Questions (Page 12)

Question 1:
Multiple choice questions.

(i) Which one of the following type of resource is iron ore?

(a) Renewable
(b) Biotic
(c) Flow
(d) Non-renewable

Answer (i)

(ii) Under which of the following type of resource tidal energy cannot be put?

(a) Replenishable
(b) Human-made
(c) Abiotic
(d) Non-recyclable


(iii)Which one of the following is the main cause of land degradation in Punjab?

(a) Intensive cultivation
(b) Deforestation
(c) Over irrigation
(d) Overgrazing

Over irrigation

(iv)In which one of the following states is terrace cultivation practised?

(a) Punjab
(b) Plains of Uttar Pradesh
(c) Haryana
(d) Uttarakhand

Answer (iv)

(v)In which of the following states black soil is predominantly found?

(a) Jammu and Kashmir
(b) Maharashtra
(c) Rajasthan
(d) Jharkhand

Answer (v)

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Question 2:
(i)Name three states having black soil and the crop which is mainly grown in it.

Answer (i)
3 states are

3.Madhya Pradesh

The crop grown is cotton.

(ii)What type of soil is found in the river deltas of the eastern coast? Give three main features of this type of soil.

Answer (ii)
The type of soil found in river deltas is Alluvial Soil.

1.Very fertile, and therefore good for the cultivation of crops
2.Consists of various proportions of sand, silt and clay
3.It has a good quantity of potash, lime and phosphoric acid, which is good for the growth of paddy and sugarcane.

(iii)What steps can be taken to control soil erosion in the hilly areas?

Answer (iii)
The main techniques that can be used are given below.

1.Contour ploughing
2.Terrace farming
3.Strips of grass are allowed to grow between the crops. This method is known as strip cropping.

(iv)What are the biotic and abiotic resources? Give some examples.

Biotic resources are obtained from the biosphere and have life such as human beings, flora, and fauna, fisheries, livestock, e.g., forests and animals are biotic resources.

Abiotic resources consist of all those things which are composed of non-living things. e.g., rocks and metals. Land, water, and soil are also abiotic resources.

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Question 3:
(i) Explain land use pattern in India and why has the land under forest not increased much since 1960-61?
(ii) How have technical and economic development led to more consumption of resources?

Answer 3:
(i)Land resources in India are primarily divided into agricultural land, forest land, pasture and grazing land, and wasteland. Wasteland includes rocky, arid and desert areas and land used for non-agricultural purposes like housing, roads, industry, etc.

According to recent data available, the percentage of net sown area (NSA) in India is about 54% of the total reporting area (if, the other than current fallow lands is included). . 22.5% is covered by forests, and 3.45% is used for grazing. The rest is a wasteland, with traces of miscellaneous cultivation.

Improper use of forest land has led to land degradation and made conservation of forests difficult. Human activities like deforestation, overgrazing, mining, quarrying, etc have contributed to the slow growth rate of forests. Thus, land under forest has increased by only about 4% since 1960-61.

(ii)The following factors have been responsible for technical and economic development leading to overconsumption of resources.

In colonial times, imperial powers used their technological and economic superiority to establish control over other countries and thereby gain access to the latter’s resources. One country’s resources were accessible to the citizens of its colonial ruler too, leading to increased consumption. Technical progress also results in inefficient machinery, increased production, and greater consumption of resources.

Technological development and economic progress have led to populations increasing due to low mortality at all ages. With new developments in medicine and health care, fewer people die due to accidents, diseases, childbirth, etc. This too has contributed to higher consumption of resources.


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